GPG produced an in depth and detailed political economy analysis (PEA) of the Afghani legislature in 2015 at the request of the Department for International Development Afghanistan (DFIDA) in order to deepen its understanding of how the Afghani parliament works and identify the key factors inhibiting the effectiveness of both Houses – ┬áthe Wolesi Jirga and the Meshrano Jirga. The study was based on the GPG approach to PEA for parliaments and is intended to improve the understanding of the international donor community so that it can better direct its support to parliament and develop relevant, targeted and successful international assistance initiatives.